While nature lovers have been taking the potential threat of climatic changes seriously and trying to bring changes, the long-term effect of prolonged damage to nature cannot be reversed with such small-scale efforts. The rapid rise in temperature and decline of various species need an urgent well-planned conservation program, which unless executed won’t be able to save us or Mother Nature.
In the latest study of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)’s red list, it has been revealed that out of the 87,967 threatened species, nearly 25,000 are facing extinction and nothing is being done about it. The once abundant North American Ash trees are now on the verge of extinction due to a rapid decline as a result of invasion by emerald ash borer beetles. A Recent climatic shift has enabled a way for invasive insects to enter certain areas which were much cooler before and weren’t suitable for the insects but now are and thus causing the rapid uncontrolled decrease in the number of Ash trees.
According to Murphy Westwood, a member of the Global Tree Specialist Group who led the assessment, explained, Ash trees are essential to plant communities of the United States and are known to be one the most popular horticulture species but their rapid which has been estimated to affect over 80% of the trees is going to change the composition of wild and urban forests dramatically.
Five species of antelopes which were found in abundant numbers are now said to be in danger zone. Rapid urbanization and decline in forest area are the top cause of species going extinct at a fast rate. The Christmas Island pipistrella, a bat endemic to the Australian territory is now officially extinct. The estimation could have come much earlier but the scientists had to wait for the surveys to arrive. It is said that the animal went extinct most probably due to loss of habitat and predation by new species.
However, in recent findings, Snow leopards of Central and South Asia are now categorized as vulnerable rather than endangered which is a change initiated through awareness programs and anti-poaching initiatives. This does not mean that the leopards are no more in danger or we should start celebrating. This is just the tip of the iceberg, there is more to take care of to ensure no more species go extinct anymore.